Career Option In India Essay

Choosing a right career option is the most vital decision in everyone's life. Students may goes through a dilemma of choosing a career after completing their 10th, 12th or graduation. Apart from the top paying and common career options such as Medical, Engineering, Management, Chartered Accountancy etc., numerous other options are available in the field of Health Care, Travel and Tourism, Media and so on. The choice of a career depends on the job prospects of the field and most certainly the interest of the candidate. Here are some articles on career, which gives a detailed information on how one can get into a particular career field; what they have to study in that field; career prospects available for the same and the institutes conducting courses in the subject.

 

Alphabetical Listing of Career Options

››  Subjectwise Listing


The most important decision that a student has to take right after they clear their SSC/HSC exam is choosing the right career for themselves, which would make or mar their professional life. With so many options available it becomes very difficult for a student to make the right career choice wit

The most important decision that a student has to take right after they clear their SSC/HSC exam is choosing the right career for themselves, which would make or mar their professional life. With so many options available it becomes very difficult for a student to make the right career choice without guidance. To top it off, the pressure of parent's, teacher's and peer's makes this decision all the more difficult.

To help the students overcome this problem, India Today Education spoke with Prof. Neela Dabir, Dean TISS SVE. Here are the excerpts from the interview:

Q. How would you guide students in choosing career options?

- The students passing SSC/ HSC receive information on career choices through many sources-- parents, friends, career guidance fairs or seminars, career counselors, teachers etc. But the choice of career is possible if the students does the analysis of many factors- his/her own liking for the field, the eligibility criterion for the course and availability of the same in their own town or possibility of staying in hostel when it is not available in their own place, the cut off marks or entrance test needed, fee structure, availability of sponsorships or loans or government support for the expenses in case the parents are unable to support and most importantly the demand in the job market after completion of the course.

In some places the schools/junior colleges also help the students to go through an aptitude test that can be an indicator for the broad field for which the student can be more suitable.

Q. How can vocational education help students learn and gain experience?

- The vocational courses after SSC or HSC are of two types. Diploma courses offered through the ITIs or other vocational training Institutions or B. Voc. Degree courses offered by colleges or universities in different sectors. Here again it is important to note that most of the vocational courses are offered within the premises of the institutes and there may be a component of internship in a related industry for a short period. One needs to check whether there is a internship opportunity of a longer duration as a part of the course. For example-the TISS-SVE offers all the vocational courses through a Work Integrated Training (WIT) mode where more emphasis is given to on the job training as compared to the classroom teaching. As a result, by the time the student completes the B.Voc. Degree course of three years, he/she has a work experience of three years and therefore they are definitely ready for a job in a related industry.

Q.  Share your insights on current scenario that the students are facing after HSC.

- The number of students passing the HSC examination is increasing every year. But the cut off marks for the professional courses are also getting higher and higher. Those who are high achievers or can pay high fees can get into these professional courses and get a career path. The real challenge is for those who pass with lower percentage and cannot pay very high fees of private colleges offering professional courses.  

In our country, parents as well as students have a mindset of giving a higher status to a Degree. The traditional degree courses like B.A., B.Sc. or B.Com do not necessarily equip the students for a job after getting a degree. Very few can get a job without any additional qualification. The employment scenario in case of engineering students is also not very encouraging. The Aspiring Minds National Employability Report, 2015, indicates that only 20 per cent of the Engineering graduates in India were employable. On the other hand, there is a dearth of skilled workers in almost all the sectors. This clearly indicates a huge gap in the type of education offered and the needs of the job market. In such a situation, it is even more difficult for the students to choose a course.

Students do not opt for vocational courses because most of the current courses offer a Diploma and get them into a blue-collar job without the possibility of upward mobility or getting into higher education. In order to change this scenario, the UGC has introduced a new Degree for vocational courses. It is called Bachelor of Vocation in whatever field it is offered. It has some unique features, which are:

  • The universities/ colleges can design the vocational courses based on the needs of the industry or service sector
  • Possibility of multiple entry/exit. Each year can be independent for certification. After completion of first year, the student gets a Diploma, after second year, he/she is awarded a Advanced Diploma and after completion of three years, the B.Voc. Degree is awarded.
  • This gives a status to a blue-collar job and also an opportunity for upward mobility or entry into post graduate courses if the student wishes to go for higher qualification.
Q. How useful is vocational education from job perspective?

- The vocational education with a component of long duration of 'on the job training', definitely has a higher potential for jobs. However, short -term skill training programs may not be sufficient to equip the student for a job in the related field. Skill development requires long term practical training and most of the technical skills cannot be acquired in a short duration. The TISS-SVE model of vocational education is a Work Integrated Training model where more time is spent on 'on the job training', in an industry or company and comparatively less time is spent in classroom teaching. This kind of vocational courses can have better job prospects after completion of the course.

Q. Which industries value vocational education?

-  Many industries are coming forward to partner in the vocational training of young people by giving them an opportunity as apprentices, trainees, or as students under the National Employability Enhancement Mission (NEEM) scheme.

The TISS SVE has been able to engage with industries like Dr. Reddy's Lab, LAVA mobile manufacturing company, TITAN, Rockwell, Stride Pharma, Shasun chemicals, TE connectivity, Policy Bazar, Colgate, Marks and Spensor, LIC, Bharati Axa etc. These are some examples where B.Voc students of TISS-SVE are placed for work experience.

They not only give them the opportunity to learn on the job but also give a stipend for the work they do. Thus the Industry response can be good if the vocational training is addressing their needs for skilled manpower. In social sector courses in childcare and geriatric care, students are placed for work experience in NGOs and other organizations having expertise in the related field. This is just a beginning but I am sure many more industries will be willing to engage in the skill development efforts in a big way.

Q. How does a student decide which is the best vocational course suited to him/her?

- The student has to decide a few fields or sectors in which he/she would like to work. Then, he/she should look for vocational courses that are long term, give him/her a certificate from a recognized Institute or University, and have a component of on the job training as a part of the course. He/she should talk to past students or a few people working in the field of his choice and understand prospects or advantages as well as problems of working in that field.

The students should make an informed choice and not take an impulsive decision while choosing a course.

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