Assignment Paris 1952 Plotters

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  • Heads Educational Unit Here
  • L. I. GETS OFF EASY BUT STILL SUFFERS; 50,000 Homes Lose Power, 18,500 Are Without Phones Despite Repair Crews
  • MISSION OF 'LOVE' NETS $10,000 LOOT; Man 'Shopping' for Ring in Storm Gets Bagful With Pistol in Queens Shop
  • BERGEN NO LONGER GAMBLERS' HAVEN; Calissi, New Prosecutor, Has Conducted at Least a Raid a Week Since ...
  • COLORADO BALLOT LOOKS LIKE FIGHT; Democratic Battle for Place in Senate Race Is Highlight -- Voting ...
  • NASSAU PRIMARIES SPUR REPUBLICANS; Organization Alerted by Court Fight of Rebels -- Democrats' Slate ...
  • DEMOCRATIC HOUSE FORESEEN BY A.D.A.; Bean, in 'Guide to Politics,' Expects 25-Seat Gain, but Is Unsure ...
  • Spiritualists in Amsterdam
  • $59,000 GEMS STOLEN; $600 Cash Also Taken, Queens Resident Tells Police
  • Rolling Quake Hits Tokyo
  • GOVERNOR ASSAILS ISSUES FOES RAISE; He Also Pictures Harriman and Roosevelt as Unfamiliar With State ...
  • Nixon Speech on TV Oct. 20
  • PYTHIANS IN STATE ASK LEGAL BINGO; Platform Chairmen of Both Major Parties Are Urged to Approve Proposal
  • CARDINAL OPENS SCHOOL; St. Vincent Ferrer Building Is Blessed and Dedicated
  • 4 PARTIES VOTING IN WESTCHESTER; But Major Contests Are the Republican for Congress and State Assembly
  • 2 JOIN BARNARD FACULTY; H. B. Parkes and Helen North Named Visiting Professors
  • FINANCE SCHOOL MOVING; New York Institute Gets Space in 37 Wall, 86 Trinity Pl.
  • Memorial for Firemen Today
  • FARES TO SCHOOL SET; Transit Board Tests Rates for Students in this City
  • YONKERS SCHOOLS READY; 22,000 Children Will Return to Classes There Tomorow
  • MRS. SMITH SPURS MAINE G.O.P. SLATE; Her October Fence-Mending Assures Senate Seat, She Stumps for Colleagues
  • Mayflower Group to Meet
  • BIG HOSPITAL FETE IS SET FOR TONIGHT; Long Island Industry Fund to Hold Annual Event to Help Voluntary ...
  • 5 Categories of Charges In the McCarthy Case
  • Citizenship Day in Jersey
  • INQUIRIES CALLED AID IN LEGISLATION; Jenner Answers Attacks -Cites 11 New Laws Passed on Basis of Investigations ...
  • Excerpts From Transcript of Eighth Day of Senate Hearings on Censure of McCarthy
  • Security Decisions Published
  • Bryant Park Concerts Ending
  • Oil Research Center Opened
  • ENCEPHALITIS TOLL IN TOKYO 53 SO FAR
  • ARMY SHAKE-UP HINTED; Service Journal Says Shifts May Include Ridgway
  • DEMOCRATIC CHIEFS SHIFT ON ROOSEVELT
  • 113 Undesirables Seized
  • Career Women to Hear Bishop
  • Vincent Price Sues on 'Bargain'
  • STASSEN TO TALK AT FETE; Jersey G. O. P. Centennial Also to Hear Hall on Saturday
  • ' Loyalty Pledge' An Issue
  • 1954 VOTE DECRIED AS WEATHER-VANE; Political Economist Holds Election Will Put No Light on Congressional Trend
  • DEMOCRATS SHIFT FIGHT TO MIDWEST; Leaders Meet in Indianapolis Next Week-End -- Speech By Stevenson Is Feature
  • COLOR BARS DROP ALREADY IN SOUTH; Cut Integration Problems Are Complex in Area and Vary Widely by Locales
  • BEAUTY TITLE IS WON BY MISS CALIFORNIA
  • World Midwives Elect Briton
  • Embassy Children Inoculated
  • STORM DAMPENS HARRIMAN RALLY; Meeting at Hempstead That Expected 350 Kept to 100 -- DeSapio Can't Make It
  • Negro School Rejects Three White Students
  • ODDS IN KENTUCKY RUN WITH BARKLEY; His Long Popularity in State Is Aid in Senate Race, but Cooper Is ...
  • VENICE MUSIC FESTIVAL; 27th Modern One Opens With Compositions by Bartok
  • Red Cross Class Registration
  • O'DWYER SUES U. S. TO VOID TAX CLAIM; Charges 'Capricious Act With Political Motivations' -- $9,000 ...
  • Tuberculosis Group Elects
  • SUDAN WIPING OUT COLONIAL VESTIGES; Ouster of British Aides Sped Firmly but Courteously in Drive to ...
  • U. S., Canada War on Lamprey
  • Flier Hangs Out of Plane To Free Landing Gear
  • THAI VOTE ON TREATY THIS YEAR PREDICTED
  • PRESIDENT HAILS JEWISH UNIT HERE; Congregation Marking 300th Anniversary Wins Praise for Its 'Striking' ...
  • SHIP SUPPLY SET-UP IMPROVED BY NAVY; Sixth Fleet in Mediterranean Will Get Logistic Support Every Fortnight
  • QUEBEC LESS COOL TO SERVICE DRAFT; Canada and Iceland Are Only NATO Members Without Some Conscription
  • Article 3 -- No Title
  • Marymount Alumnae Tea Set
  • LOST HORSE TAILS MADE U.N. ISSUE; Camaroon Chief Seeks Pay for Goods That Vanished While He Was Jailed
  • BRITISH COLUMBIA IS DRY AT MEALS; It Fails to Take Advantage of 'Sensible' Law Permitting Wine and Beer ...
  • EISENHOWER AIDS TO ECONOMY SEEN; Statisticians Give Him Credit -- Experts at Montreal Ask More Official Candor
  • OLD BRITISH CARS BEAT U. S. RIVALS; Share Credit With Drivers' Agility and Endurance in 800-Mile Contest
  • IRAQI PREMIER SURE OF VICTORY AT POLLS
  • Appointed to Hofstra Post
  • RED TRIPS TO BE CURBED; South Africa Plans Laws on Lines of Those in U. S.
  • IRAN WILL REDUCE STATE OPERATIONS; Government's Planning Group Will Sell Enterprises and Conserve Oil Revenues
  • Mao Receives 2 Highest Lamas
  • 25 Indonesian Bandits Slain
  • Governmental Experts to Meet
  • British Asian Aide to Visit U.S.
  • DRIVE ON DRINKING PRESSED IN FRANCE; Use of Alcohol Is Up Despite Tax Rise -- Liquor Industry Employs ...
  • TORONTO PLANT STRUCK; 2,000 Walk Out in Pay Fight at Massey-Harris-Ferguson
  • Jagan to Be Freed Tomorrow
  • Gas Union to Vote on Merger
  • MONTESI INQUIRY ENDING; Rome Court to Receive Results of Secret Investigation
  • PRESIDENT TO CONFER ON FAR EAST CRISES
  • BIG GREEK PROJECT NEAR; Work on Megdova Power Plant to Begin This Week
  • Turkish-Greek Bridge Begun
  • BOY'S BAIL $10,000; Manhattan Youth Is Accused of Stealing 45 Cameras
  • WARNS ON ATOMIC SPEED; Zuckert, Once With A. E. C., Sees No 'Miracles Overnight'
  • ALGERIAN QUAKE CITY RETURNS TO NORMAL
  • SOVIET NOW COOL TO EASED EMBARGO; Izvestia Indicates Only Total Abolition of Trade Curbs Will Satisfy Moscow
  • 4 ORDERS REDUCE QUEBEC TEACHING; Roman Catholic Groups' Step in City Schools Is Laid to Issue on Salaries
  • Mexican Food Prices Soar
  • Boy Refugee Arrives; Outwitted Polish Reds
  • U. S. Plans U. N. Day Fete
  • U. S. POLIO TESTS LAUDED BY POPE; He Extols Role of Children -- Stresses Victims' Need for Psychological Help
  • BRITONS APPRAISE SOCIAL AID IN U. S.; London Government Should Study American System, Research Group Says
  • WORLD CHEMISTS MEET; 10 From U. S. Among Delegates to Brussels Congress
  • NEWS LECTURES PLANNED; Women Writers to Hold First in Series on Sept. 29
  • London Withholds Comment
  • Palsy Group Offers Training
  • Air Jump to Mark Liberation
  • SOVIET U. N. LEVY RISES; Payment to Total $6,039,000, .93 Per Cent Over 1954
  • Rumania Tells Israel To Recall a Diplomat
  • PACT WITH BRITISH SOUGHT BY MALAN; Defense Agreement Reported Drafted in South African Parley in London
  • SOVIET EXPERT AID TOUCHY U. N. ISSUE; Only 2 Nations Accept Moscow Help -- U. S. Delay May Put More ...
  • CITY HOUSING LAG IN SOVIET MARKED; Economist Analyzes the Cut in Dwelling Space Shown in 1928-1953 Data
  • NEW GREEK-ITALIAN PACT; Cultural Accord Bars Mutual 'Inaccuracies' in Schoolbooks
  • ADENAUER FACING VOTE TEST TODAY; Schleswig-Holstein Election Is First Since Rejection of European Army Treaty
  • LITTLE CRIME TIED TO G. I.'S IN JAPAN; Police Data Sharply Dispute Popular View Americans Are Trouble-Makers
  • U. S. NEAR DECISION ON A NEW NATO JET; Two British and Two French Fighters Considered for $10,000,000 ...
  • Liberals Ask New Effort
  • Nationalists Keep Up Blows
  • British Accord Put First
  • AIR UNITS TO QUIT KOREA; 4 Bombers or Fighter-Bomber Wings Leaving This Year
  • Atomic Bomber Tested
  • Mass in New Vatican Chapel
  • DISUNITY A PERIL, PAKISTAN WARNED; Premier Says Weakness Might Lure an Aggressor -- Also Denounces Corruption
  • Attlee Says China Trip Will Help Entire World
  • Mau Mau Kill Police Inspector
  • ISRAEL BARS PARLEY BID; Says Date for Truce Appeal Session Is Inconvenient
  • INDIA PAY DISPUTE HAS REPERCUSSION; Labor Minister's Resignation on Cut in Award Highlights Discontent ...
  • NUCLEAR GROUP PLANNED; Scientists to Meet in Capital -- Technical Unit May Result
  • Article 2 -- No Title
  • Article 1 -- No Title
  • Chile Tests Fish Flour Buns
  • ECONOMIC CHANGES HELD ISRAEL'S NEED
  • U.S. ARMS ADVISER INSPECTS QUEMOY; Nationalist Isle Seems Calm as Near-by Reds Continue Sporadic Artillery ...
  • VIETNAM PREMIER OUSTS ARMY CHIEF; But General Balks at 'Exile' as Riff Widens Between Military and Regime ...
  • NEW WORLD UNITY URGED; Moses Bids Canada and U. S. Aid Western Hemisphere
  • HAYASHI IN NEW YORK; Japanese General, on Army Tour, Hopes to Visit U. N.
  • INDIA SAYS LISBON SHIFTS GOA STAND; Charges Portugal Now Wants Exclusive Right to Choose Observers in 2 Areas
  • SOVIET MAY BUILD INDIA STEEL PLANT; Project in Discussion Stage -- New Delhi Awarded Similar Contract ...
  • Hanoi Pagoda Blown Up
  • Front Page 2 -- No Title
  • 3 FLEE TO WEST BERLIN; Officials Cross Border From East Germany
  • Eccentric Edna Grazed the City With a Wet, but Vicious, Left Jab; EDNA GRAZED CITY WITH VICIOUS LEFT
  • F.H.A. ACTS TO GET 'WINDFALL' GAINS ON JERSEY PROJECT; It Calls Meeting to Elect New Directors of Corporations ...
  • LEGALIZED BINGO FAVORED BY IVES; Senator to Seek G.O.P. Plank on Local Basis -- He Makes New Deal Policies ...
  • MURPHY TO ASSESS EUROPE'S SECURITY; Dulles Aide Leaves on Trip of Two Weeks to London, Paris, Bonn and ...
  • Light Primary Vote Due Tuesday; 42 Nominations Are Under Contest; LIGHT VOTE LIKELY AT PRIMARY HERE
  • Major Sports News
  • Roosevelt Tells C.I.O He's in Race to Stay; ROOSEVELT TELLS C.I.O. HE'S IN RACE
  • HURRICANE SKIPS CITY, LONG ISLAND; MAINE IS HARD HIT; Seaborne Storm Splits, Roars Up New England Coast ...
  • Front Page 1 -- No Title
  • M'CARTHY DEFENDS HIS 'RIGHT' TO USE SECRET DOCUMENT; Says He Had 'Duty' to Utilize Data and 'Would Do ...
  • Eden Wins Benelux Backing To Arm Germans in NATO; EDEN IS SUPPORTED ON GERMAN ARMS
  • Grand Canyon Facilities Grow
  • Artist's Will Aids Museum
  • U. S. Envoy Quits Costa Rica
  • 539 DONATE BLOOD; Rookie Policemen Will Give This Morning
  • BUDGET HEAD'S ROLE IN A. E. C. DEAL HIT
  • STATE C. I. O. BACKS ROOSEVELT ALONE; Overwhelming Vote Rejects Harriman Even as Second Choice for Governor
  • Check-Up for London's Big Ben
  • TOP-QUALITY WHEAT LACKING IN SURPLUS
  • G. O. P.'S CHALLENGE TO LIBERALS IS LOST
  • 2 Killers Flee Prison, Throw Acid at Jailer
  • Japan Frees British Freighter
  • $5 FOR $50,000 CHECK; Woman Elevator Operator Gets Reward for Sidewalk Find
  • THURMOND DECLARES MITCHELL 'DICTATES'
  • British Ship Flees Nationalists
  • Mrs. Hammer Wins Divorce
  • 3 IN KEY G.O.P. RACE IN NEW HAMPSHIRE; Two-Year Term in Senate at Issue -- New England Has Three Primaries ...
  • SEA UNION APPEALS VENUE ISSUE IN SUIT
  • Rayburn, in Reply to Eisenhower, Scores Administration as 'Inept'; Its Legislative Program Is 'as Dynamic ...
  • 220,000 Physicians in the U. S.
  • RAIL LINES SCORE AIRMAIL PROJECT; 69 Roads Protest to C. A. B. That 3-Cent Rate Poses Threat to Many Trains
  • Ship Sinks Off Colombia
  • Japanese Seek Tanker Contract
  • SENECAS SUE OVER PACT; Indians Say That Salamanca Invades Their Domain
  • TOLEDO GETS PLAN TO DEVELOP PORT; Ohio City, Seeking Seaway Traffic, Studies Proposals to Cost $25,250,000
  • RETROACTIVE RISE IS SOUGHT BY I. L. A.; Union, Shippers Commence Contract Talks -- 10 Cents an Hour More Asked
  • Liner Liberte Is Helping Passengers to Navigate
  • Airline Asks New Runs
  • DEWEY APPOINTS JUSTICE; L. J. Supple of Fishkill Named to State Supreme Court
  • BETHLEHEM, C. I. O. TO RESUME TALKS; Shipyard Negotiations, Halted Since Aug. 18, to Reopen Tuesday ...
  • SHIPBOARD TRAVEL HIGHEST IN YEARS; August Inbound and Outbound Totals Top 1953 Figures -- Air Traffic ...
  • STUDIES DIESEL SALES; British Steel Maker Irked by Canada's Deals in U. S.
  • CITIES TOLD TO SEEK ST. LAWRENCE POWER
  • COMMODITY INDEX DIPS; Average Thursday 91.2, Down 0.3 From Wednesday
  • AUTO OUTPUT DROPS; Estimate for Week Is Lowest Since Last November
  • LOOK TO BOLIVIAN IRON; U. S., Belgian Interests Would Exploit New Ore Field
  • REAL ESTATE NOTES
  • R. H. MACY EXPANDS; Acquires Christman Dry Goods Store in Joplin, Mo.
  • CARLOADINGS UP 11,876 IN A WEEK; But the Total of 688,492 Was 13.8% Lower Than Similar Period Last Year
  • MIDTOWN PARCEL SOLD TO OPERATOR; Three Buildings Form 'L' at 6th Avenue and 43d Street -- Deals Closed ...
  • New Floor Wax Is Introduced
  • PRICES EDGE UP .2% AT PRIMARY LEVEL; Farm Products, Processed Foods Account for Week's Rise, B. L. S. Reports
  • NEW AID FUND PROPOSED; Cooperative Alliance Advances Technical Assistance Plan
  • UNION ELECTRIC OFFICERS; Moody Named First Chairman, Sanford Vice President
  • Carbide-Carbon Head to Speak
  • Auto Test Company Formed
  • FOURFOLD UPTURN IN PAPER USE SEEN; National Consumption by '80 Is Put at 100,000,000 Tons by Upstate ...
  • LUMBER OUTPUT DOWN; Week's Total Was 21.7% Below That of a Year Earlier
  • Entering New Price Field
  • 2 Machinery Divisions Merged
  • Ex-City Official to Join Kings County Trust Co.
  • General Tire & Rubber Chooses a New Director
  • LIVESTOCK IN CHICAGO
  • Ekco Subsidiary Expands
  • NAVAL STORES
  • Offerings and Yields Of Municipal Bonds; Sept. 10, 1954
  • TOBACCO ESTIMATE UP; Record Per-Acre Burley Yields Forecast for Five States
  • UNDERTONE WEAK IN WHEAT TRADING; Corn Futures Go Up 1/2 to 1c Despite Anticipation of Rise in Crop Estimate
  • BUYS 32% OF MENGEL CO.; Container Corp. Gets 190,000 Shares -- Merger Studied
  • Banker on Utility's Board
  • COTTON IS STEADY TO 3 POINTS DOWN; Unfixed Call Sales Reported at 1,676,000 Bales Sept. 3, Up 63,400 for Week
  • SEES ECONOMY RISING; Bankers Trust Official Talks to State Utility Executives
  • GAS PROFITS ROSE 6.4%; Industry's Operating Revenue Up 12.4% in Year to June 30
  • WHEAT ESTIMATE OFF; Spring Crop Accounts for Dip -- Other Forecasts Listed 1% GAIN REPORTED IN CROP PROSPECTS
  • INDONESIAN BANK WARNS OF CRISIS; Rupiah Weakening, Deficit Rising -- Export Drive and Import Cuts Are Urged
  • FOREMOST DAIRIES VOTES STOCK RISE; Holders Authorize Increase Permitting 3-for-1 Split of Shares on Wednesday
  • Elected to Directorate Of Knott Hotels Chain
  • DES MOINES PLANS SCHOOL FINANCING; Calls for Bids Sept. 30 on $2,500,000 of Bonds -- Issue Is Sold by ...
  • August Sales Put at 13.9 Billion
  • TRADING IN LONDON QUIETER, AIMLESS; Prices Show No Definite Trend, Though Undertone Remains Satisfactory
  • 1% GAIN REPORTED IN CROP PROSPECTS; Easing of Drought in August Too Late in Some Areas for Soybeans, ...
  • American Viscose Researcher
  • Subway Strap for Short Persons Is Invented by Optometrist Here; I. R. T. Commuter, Only 5-5 Himself, ...
  • CHICAGO BANK PLANS BIG STOCK DIVIDEND
  • R. K. O. Theatres Names Aide
  • Soft Coal Output Rises
  • FISHING INDUSTRY GETS MORE U. S. AID; McKay Allocates $1,800,000 to Start New Program to Strengthen the Trade
  • COCOA PRICES OFF DAILY LIMIT OF 1C; Market Reflects Reports of Brazilian Decline -- Hides Establish ...
  • FISHING BOARD SET UP; U. S. and Canada Agree on Plan to Aid Lake Fisheries
  • SUGAR GROUP ASKS NEW EXPORT CUTS; Estimate of World Demand Is Raised, but Supplies Are Increasing Still Faster
  • MERGER IS ADVANCED BY PAPER COMPANIES
  • BIG OFFERINGS SET BY UNDERWRITERS; Sale of $135,865,000 Public Housing Bonds to Be Major Transaction Next Week
  • SPERRMARK PLANS CONFIRMED IN BONN
  • STOCKS REGISTER MODEST ADVANCE; 595 Issues Rise as 306 Fall -- Average Moves Up 0.40 Point in Day to ...
  • CONDITIONS TOO GOOD?; Minority in Sweden Worries About Overemployment
  • BETHLEHEM LOW AGAIN; Delaware River Viaduct Bid of $6,977,681 Cheapest of 3
  • SWEDEN EXPANDS U. S. IMPORT LIST; Action Taken to Cut Prices, Spur Competition, Speed Return of Convertibility
  • DRESSER COMPANY REPORTS BIG GAIN; Equipment Maker's 9-Month Net Is $4.28 on Common, Against $2.39 Year ...
  • FINANCIAL AND BUSINESS SIDELIGHTS OF THE DAY
  • Bank Seminar Hears Forecasts Of a Stable to Firm Bond Market; Nadler and Bogen Cite Capital Supply and ...
  • Aluminum Output High
  • NO ONE GETS BRUSH-OFF; Entire Jersey Town Is Invited to Help Paint Meeting Hall
  • Discoverer of Penicillin Predicts End of Measles
  • Photos From Air Disclose Ancient Rome Villa
  • TV TUBE FAKERY LAID TO 2 BROOKLYN MEN
  • CANCER CAUSES SIFTED; Panel of Physicians Refuses to List Smoking as One
  • KIN OF SCHUMANN SUING OVER MOVIE; Composer Libeled by Film, Great-Grandchildren Say in Plea for $9,000,000
  • Sale of a Crime Book Is Blocked As City Takes 5 Sellers to Court
  • 7 Safe on Downed Seaplane
  • HOLMAN RESTORED TO COACHING POST; City College Mentor Returns to Basketball Job He Held Before Suspension ...
  • TOP SKYSCRAPER LOSES TAX FIGHT; Court Backs City Plea That Empire State Valuation Be Raised to $45,000,000
  • Compliance Expected
  • Conference Is Called Off
  • Friends of George Ade Seeking To Restore His Home in Indiana
  • Census 162,670,000 Aug. 1
  • CLEANLINESS HELD KEY POLIO DEFENSE
  • SIRENS TO BE TESTED; Sounding of Air Raid Alarms Monday Not for Public
  • Rule for Athletes Lifted
  • Mississippi Bill Gains
  • Bridge Linking Greenpoint Section of Brooklyn and Long Island City Is Opened
  • SCOFFLAW GETS 60 DAYS; Woman Sentenced for Ignoring 24 Auto Tags Dating to 1952
  • MRs. BRIGG$ MARRIED TO w!Lu c. CLUrT
  • FACTS FORUM CRITIC DERIDES 'INNUENDO'
  • 500 Foreign Educators Due
  • SCHOOL UNIT VOTES FOR RACIAL TALLY; Board of Education in Capital Reverses Earlier Ruling -- Statute ...
  • SUSAN MOTT BETROTHED; Philanthropi-ss --Daughter to] Be Bride of S herill__A. Dansby
  • i MISS JOANNA BAXTER I PHILADELPHIA_ BRIDEI
  • Mrs. W. W. Evans Jr. Has Son
  • TWO DEBUTANTES BOW; Margaret Huguley and Ellen M. McCance Presented
  • Frances B. Dear Married in Washington To Gordon Dewey, '44 Harvard Alumnus
  • CLERGYMEN LIST SERMON THEMES; Many Protestant Clerics Back From Vacation Tomorrow -- Vicar in Farewell
  • FLORCE F. rn'Kirn { 6ARDEN CITY BRIDEI; Wears Lace Over Taffeta at Her Marriage in Cathedral to Nelson ...
  • ANNE L. THORHDIKE BRIDE OF STUDENT; Escorted by Father at Her Wedding in Irvington, N. Y., to Edwin Mcl. Cover
  • SIMON LIEBERMAN
  • lesd---Stevens
  • Obituary 1 -- No Title
  • Article 6 -- No Title
  • THEbDORE R. SM!TH
  • I$SE. P. DONEG/iH[ mom nANGm '; Niece of Episcopal Bishop Is Engaged to Blair Wormer, Trinity Colle'ge Alumnus
  • PAUL J. GLEASON .
  • 83 PRESENTED AT FETES; Young Women Make Debuts at Dances in Darien and Rye
  • ! MRS. THOMAS B. LINDSAYI
  • DR. JAY H. RADLEY
  • Just Plain Biil,.62, Is Dead
  • WILLIAM H. PORTER
  • JAMES C. M'NAIRN
  • JAMES. M. SHORT SR.
  • BITES FOB PIL_ OT SET J; St. Louis Service Will HonorJ Lieut. Stanley Wright Jr. J
  • PETER ANDERS
  • HENRY G. OSBORNE"
  • BERNARD GIANNIN!, 43[ o BANKOr-ARIC']
  • FINLEY H. SHILAND
  • , JOHN J. DORSEY SR.
  • JOHN T. GALLAGHER
  • GEORGE J. ROBERTS
  • F. VON HOFFMANN
  • DENNIS J. PLEDGER SR.-
  • MRS. WILLIAI M. ROSS
  • ARIVIAN DO FALCONI
  • DR.G. BROUGHTON
  • MRS. HARRY J. PUGH
  • WILLIAM D. M4X, 6g' i CONOMCS TACHR
  • LADY LOOMIS
  • DR. WILLIAM A. NELSON
  • DR. AUDLEY L. SMITH
  • SEVERITY TO YOUTH DECRIED BY JUSTICES
  • WOMAN GOLFER____, 83, DIES; Mrs. Elizabeth Cuming HadI Played 18 Holes Tuesday
  • ACCORD REACHED IN VOTING DISPUTE; Elections Unit Increases Pay of School Custodians, Thus Averting Walkout ...
  • LERNER WILL IS FILED; Store Owner Left 3 1/2 Million -- Spellman Gets $10,000
  • Asks Cards Be Sent 1st Class
  • ISRAEL NEEDS TEACHERS; There Are Only 16,000 Now for 320,000 Pupils, Dinur Says
  • ANDRE DERAIN, 74, PAINTER, IS DEAD; French Modernist Was One of 'Les Fauves' Together With Matisse and ...
  • Use of Term "Informer" Queried
  • TORONTO ACCLAIMS ONTARIO SWIMMER; 100,000 Jam Exhibit Grounds to Cheer Marilyn Bell -- Gifts Said to ...
  • I.U.E., WESTINGHOUSE SIGN NEW CONTRACT
  • Evaluating Soviet Doctrine
  • To Foster Mental Health; Work of County Associations Held to Be of Concern to All Citizens.
  • Bingo Opposition Examined; Critics of Game Who Question Good Faith of Supporters Answered
  • For Lower Transit Fares; Better Service and Cheaper Ride During Non-Rush Hours Urged
  • TRANSIT PLAN FOUGHT; Civic Council Protests Low Outlay for Brooklyn
  • Anti-Yankeeism" in Brazil
  • MR. DULLES WAS THERE
  • THE ANTI-INTELLECTUAL
  • GUATEMALA WITHOUT ARBENZ
  • TV FOR CROWING OF MISS AMERICA; A.B.C. Will Cover Atlantic City Event Tonight -- 'Satins and Spurs' ...
  • THE FREE CAN UNITE
  • Books -- Authors
  • PHILIPPINE TRADE MISSION
  • Topics of The Times
  • EXIT JOHN O'LONDON
  • CURTAIN OF IGNORANCE"
  • Article 5 -- No Title
  • Charles Boxes 6 Rounds, Pounds Sparring Mates; Marciano Rests; All-Heavyweight Supporting Card Is Set ...
  • DISCOVERY DRAWS FIELD OF TWELVE; Diving Board Likely Choice at Aqueduct Today -- Race Won by La Corredora
  • Torch of War Takes Sprint
  • For Example First at Del Mar
  • MINX WINS RAVEN TEST; Captures First of Five-Race Title Series on Sound
  • Books of The Times
  • Sparring Partners Listed
  • YOUNGTRAKIT STOPS UGO; Orient Welterweight Champion Triumphs in Tokyo Bout
  • LOW TAKES RACE IN COMET SAILING; Perth Amboy Skipper Gains Undisputed Lead After 3 Tests in Title Series
  • Basilio Gains Unanimous Decision Over Fiore in 10-Round Garden Bout; UPSTATE FIGHTER DROPS FOE TWICE ...
  • City Island Sailing Off
  • CAWTHRA WINS 2 RACES; But Walet Retains First Place in Mallory Cup Sailing
  • TROTTER GENE MAC BEATS PROSPECTUS; Provenzano Entry Scores by Length in Mile Test at Roosevelt Raceway
  • ATHLETICS TOP TIGERS; Triumph, 6-5, as Finigan Hits Two-Run Single in Ninth
  • Sgt. Huffman Wins on Links
  • JAZZ SESSION TRIUMPHS; Takes Hunter Division Title in North Shore Horse Show
  • Giannelli Wins European Title
  • Meadow Gene Pace Victor
  • Blitzen Up Choice in Trot
  • Takes Poodle Laurels
  • Tigers Shift Stewart to End
  • Wood, Field and Stream; Club Plan for Public Shooting Preserve Hunters Adopted by Jersey Operator
  • CUBAN YACHT KEEPS LEAD; Kurush V Gets 135 Points in World Star Class Series
  • MEXICO BEATS U. S. IN TUNA TOURNEY; Victors Land 2 of 8 Fish on Last Day to Total 2,753 1/2 Points at ...
  • DUTCH, RUSSIANS TIE IN CHESS, 2-2; Test Ends in Deadlock When Prins Beats Soviet Star in Adjourned Game
  • Strathglass Dog Wins
  • SARAZEN VICTOR IN GOLF; Beats Strazza in Play-Off for Metropolitan Senior Title
  • CH. RISE AND SHINE SPECIALTY WINNER; Triumphs at Cocker Spaniel Show in Jersey -- Blakeen Van Aseltine Victor
  • MRS. MEISSNER FIRST; Wins Metropolitan Senior Golf Title at Seawane With 167
  • Greiner and Wilson Gain Crown In New Jersey Pro-Amateur Golf; Knickerbocker Duo Routs Harmon-Calder ...
  • ORIOLES' ROOKIES NIP SENATORS, 4-3; Kellert's Hit in 9th Scores Durham With Deciding Tally at Baltimore
  • PIRATES WIN IN 9TH, 3-2; Defeat Cardinals When Cole Hits Scratch Single
  • Bombers Overcome Chicago, 6-3, To Stay 5 1/2 Games Out of Lead; White Sox Eliminated From Race -- Trucks ...
  • Sewell Manager of Year
  • Doncaster Sales Set Record
  • TWO TEAMS TIE IN GOLF; Mr. and Mrs. Park, Miller and Mrs. Eshbaugh Score 71's
  • Rams Trade Two to Steelers
  • BETSY RAWLS' 67 LEADS BY 5 SHOTS; Her Score in St. Louis Open, Nine Under Women's Par, Is Best of Career
  • Yale's Football Squad Is Strengthened by Exceptional Group of Reserves; BREAKAWAY BACKS BOLSTER ELI ...
  • 57 Counties Get $1,222,307
  • U. S. Cinerama Outdoes Soviet Exhibit in Syria
  • KROLL AHEAD IN BRAZIL; U. S. Star Cards 66 for 140 to Pass Gonzales in Golf
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This invention relates to a Hall-effect current clamp, comprising a magnetic circuit consisting of two parts, which form a practically closed loop and which can be spread apart from each other, a constant-current generator, a Hall-effect cell placed in an air gap of the magnetic circuit and having two input terminals connected to the constant-current generator and two output terminals, and an operational amplifier for measurement having two inputs, inverting and non-inverting respectively, connected respectively to the output terminals of the Hall-effect cell by first and second resistances of the same ohmic values.

Hall-effect current clamps are well known. Connected to a multimeter (millivoltmeter), to an oscilloscope or to a plotter, they permit measuring the strength of a direct or alternating current and/or visualizing the shape of the current. Such current clamps are marketed, for example, by the company Bell Inc., under the designation "Current Gun" Model CG 100 A, or by the Beckman Corporation under the designation "AC/DC Current Clamp" CT 233. These known clamps have a relatively high current consumption and, as a result, the batteries which are used to supply them with current have a relatively short life span. For instance, the Bell CG 100 A current clamp is supplied under 6 V (four 1.5 V Type AA batteries) and consumes about 40 mA, or a consumed power of 240 mW. The life span of the batteries is about 30 hours with alkaline batteries and about 60 hours with mercury batteries (data furnished by the manufacturer). The Beckman CT 233 current clamp is supplied under 9 V (one 9 V Type 6 LF 22 battery) and consumes about 15 mA (data furnished by the manufacturer), or a consumed power of about 135 mW. Inasmuch as the 9 v Type 6 LF 22 batteries have a capacity of about 500 mA.h the life span of the battery with the Beckman clamp is, therefore, about 30 hours.

Hence, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a current clamp having a current consumption noticeably less than that of the abovementioned known clamps and, consequently, permitting a greater autonomy of the batteries being used for its supply.

To this end, the current clamp of the present invention is characterized in that the constant-current generator comprises an operational amplifier having an inverting input and a non-inverting input connected to a first supply terminal which is a first potential, the said operational amplifier comprising an internal continuous-voltage reference placing its non-inverting input to a second fixed potential with respect to the first supply terminal, the second potential being greater than the first potential, and an npn transistor whose base is connected to the output of the said operational amplifier and whose emitter is connected on the one hand to the first supply terminal through a third resistance and on the other hand directly to the inverting input of the said operational amplifier, the collector of the npn transistor being connected to one of the two inputs of the Hall-effect cell whose other input is connected to a second supply terminal which is at a higher third potential than the second potential; and in that the operational amplifier for measurement is connected, for its current supply, to a third supply terminal which is at a fourth potential higher than the third potential, the non-inverting input and the output of the operational amplifier for measurement being connected to the second supply terminal respectively by a fourth resistance and by a first potentiometer, the wiper of the first potentiometer being connected to the inverting input of the measurement amplifier by a fifth resistance of same ohmic value as the fourth resistance, the output of the operational amplifier for measurement and a terminal connected to the second supply terminal forming the output of the current clamp.

The invention will now be described by making reference to the attached drawings on which:

FIG. 1 is a lateral-elevation view of the current clamp of the present invention.

FIGS. 2 and 3 are upper and lower views respectively of the current clamp of FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is a diagram showing a first embodiment of the clamp circuits.

FIG. 5 is a diagram showing a second embodiment of the clamp circuits.

The current clamp shown in FIGS. 2 to 3 consists of a housing 1 made from two parts 2 and 3 of an insulating material, such as molded plastic. The two parts 2 and 3 are articulated with respect to each other by a shaft 4 in such a manner as to form a clamp having two jaws 2a and 3a and two handles 2b and 3b.

The clamp 1 comprises a magnetic circuit consisting of two parts 5a and 5b which are housed respectively in the jaws 2a and 3a of the clamp and which form a substantially closed loop when the clamp itself is closed. The jaws 2a and 3a of the clamp and the two parts 5a and 5b of the magnetic circuit are shaped in such a manner that a conductor of circular cross-section 6 or a conductor of rectangular cross-section 7, carrying a current to be measured, can be placed in the space formed between the jaws 2a and 3a.

A Hall-effect cell 8 is provided in an air gap between the two parts 5a and 5b of the magnetic circuit. The handle 2b of the clamp 1 is used as a housing for two supply batteries 9 which are accessible after opening a trap or cover 11. The handle 3b is used as a housing for a printed circuit board (not shown) on which are mounted the electrical and electronic components of the clamp. The board can be connected to a measurement or display device (multimeter, oscilloscope, plotter, etc.) by means of a cord 12.

In FIG. 4 is shown a first embodiment of the electrical circuits for the current clamp of the present invention, designed to measure only direct currents. In this first embodiment, the circuits of the clamp comprise essentially a constant-current generator 13, suitable for supplying a constant current to the Hall-effect cell 8, and an operational amplifier for measurement 14 operating as a differential amplifier. The constant-current generator 13 comprises an operational amplifier 15 whose non-inverting input (+) is connected to a supply terminal 16 through a first movable contact 11 of an on-off switch T (see also FIGS. 1 and 3). The operational amplifier 15 can, for example, consist of a part of an integrated circuit of the LM10 type which comprise an internal-voltage reference (shown diagrammatically in the form of a battery 17) which places the non-inverting input of the amplifier 15 at a fixed positive potential V2 of 200 mV with respect to the potential V1 of the supply terminal 16. The output of the amplifier 15 is connected on the one hand to its inverting input (-) through a capacitor C1 and on the other hand directly to the base of an npn transistor Q1. The emitter of the transistor Q1 is connected on the one hand directly to the inverting input of the amplifier 15 and on the other hand to the supply terminal 16 through a resistance R1 and through the abovementioned movable contact I1. The collector of the transistor Q1 is connected to an input B of Hall-effect cell 8 whose other input A is connected to a supply terminal 18 which is at a potential V3 greater than the abovementioned potential V2. For example, the potential difference (V3 -V1) can be furnished by a 1.5 V battery.

The outputs D and C of the Hall-effect cell 8 are connected to the inverting input and to the non-inverting input of the measurement amplifier 14 through resistance R2 and R3 respectively, of same ohmic values. The amplifier 14 can consist of another part of the abovementioned integrated circuit, of type LM10, whose first part is used to form the amplifier 15. The non-inverting input of the amplifier 14 is connected to the supply terminal 18 through a resistance R4. The output of the amplifier 14 is connected to the terminal 18 through a potentiometer P1 and a resistance R5. The wiper of the potentiometer P1 is connected to the inverting input of the amplifier 14 through a resistance R6 of same ohmic value as the resistance R4. Capacitors C2 and C3 arranged in parallel with the resistances R4 and R6, respectively, are used to decrease the noise at the output of the amplifier 14. For its supply, the amplifier 14 is connected through a second movable contact I2 of the on-off switch I to another supply terminal 19 which is at a potential V4 greater than the potential V3. The potential difference (V4 -V3) can be furnished by a second 1.5 V battery. The output of the amplifier 14 and a terminal 21 directly connected to the terminal 18 form the output of the current clamp which is connected by the supply cord 12 (FIG. 1), for example to a multimeter.

A potentiometer P2 is connected in parallel to the resistance R1. The wiper of the potentiometer P2 is connected to an input 22 of the amplifier 14. The potentiometer P2 is used to adjust the shift voltage of the amplifier 14 (this adjustment is performed at the factory).

The circuit described hereinabove operates in the following manner. With the moving contacts I1 and 12 closed, the non-inverting input of the amplifier 15 is at a fixed positive potential of 200 mV with respect to the terminal 16. The amplifier 15 pilots the transistor Q1 which is mounted in emitter follower. Hence, the voltage at the terminals of the resistance R1 is maintained at 200 mV. With a resistance R1 of 200 ohms, the current which traverses the Hall-effect cell 8 is therefore maintained at a constant value on the order of 1 mA, neglecting the base current IB of the transistor Q1, which is about equal to 2 μA, and the derived current in the potentiometer P2, which is about equal to i 20 μA if the total resistance of the potentiometer P2 is 10 kΩ.

If the resistance R6 were connected to the output of the amplifier 14 instead of being connected to the wiper of the potentiometer P1, at the output of the current clamp there would be a voltage V (measured with respect to the potentiometer V3 serving as reference for the voltage measurements): ##EQU1##

VC and VD being the voltages, measured with respect to to the potential V3, at the output terminals C and D of the Hall-effect cell 8, and R2 and R6 being the ohmic values of the resistances R2 and R6. The ohmic values of the resistances R2, R3, R4 and R6 are selected as great as possible, on the one hand so that the amplifier 14 has a sufficient gain (R6/R2) and on the other hand so that the output of the Hall-effect cell 8 does not deliver too large a current which would then result in a non-linearity of the cell response.

However, in order to obtain a voltage VS of 1 mV per measured continuous ampere it is necessary to provide an adjustable supplementary amplification margin. This supplementary amplification is obtained by means of the dividing bridge formed by the potentiometer P1 and the resistance R5. In fact, by connecting the resistance R6 to the wiper of the potentiometer P1, a voltage VS is obtained at the output of the amplifier 14 such that: ##EQU2##

In which V is given by the formula (1) indicated above, P1 and R5 represent the ohmic values of the potentiometer P1 and the resistance R5 respectively, and X is a coefficient included between 0 and 1, the product X P1 representing the ohmic value of the fraction of the potentiometer P1 included between its wiper and its terminal connected to the resistance R5.

From formulas (1) and (2) above, the following formula (3) can be derived: ##EQU3##

The voltage difference (VC -VD) being proportional to the strength of the current to be measured, the potentiometer P1 is adjusted in such a manner that, at the output of the current clamp, there is a continuous voltage VS of 1 mV per continuous ampere measured. This adjustment is performed at the factory.

A resistance R7 is placed between the output of the amplifier 14 and the supply terminal 16. The resistance R7 has a value which is selected in such a manner that, when the movable contacts I1 and I2 are open, the output of the current clamp exhibits a voltage having a predetermined value when the batteries 9 are discharged, for example 100 mV when (V3-V1)=IV. This permits testing the supply voltage (to indicate, for example, if it is necessary to change the batteries) by connecting the current clamp to a multimeter while the movable contacts I1 and I2 are open.

To illustrate, for a DC 10 A/500 A current clamp the electrical and electronic components of FIG. 4 can be the following:

R1: resistance 200Ω

R2: resistance 59 kΩ

R3: resistance 59 kΩ

R4: resistance 1 MΩ

R5: resistance 4 kΩ

R6: resistance 1 MΩ

R7: resistance 136 kΩ

P1: potentiometer 10 turns, 10 kΩ

P2: potentiometer 10 turns, 10 kΩ

C1: capacitor 1 nF

C2: capacitor 22 pF

C3: capacitor 22 pF

Q1: npn BC 238 C transistor

14 and 15: LM 10 linear amplifier

8: VHG 320 (RANK 1) cell, Japan Victor Co.

With the components indicated above and with two 1.5 V batteries connected in series, one of the two batteries being connected between the terminals 16 and 18, and the other between terminals 18 and 19, the current absorbed in service by the current clamp is on the order of 1.5 mA, or a consumed power of 4.5 mW. With two Type AAA alkaline batteries which have a capacity of about 800 mA.h, the life span of the batteries is about 530 h. It will be noted that the current clamp of the present invention permits a considerable increase in the life span of the batteries as compared to previously known current clamps referred to above, while at the same time permitting the use of batteries having smaller dimensions, thus permitting a reduction in the dimensions and the weight of the current clamp. It will be noted that if two Type AA batteries of 1.5 V are used, which usually have a capacity of 1800 mA.h, in lieu of two Type AAA batteries, the life span of the batteries would then be about 1200 hours.

FIG. 5 shows another embodiment of the circuits of the current clamp to permit measuring not only direct currents, but also alternating currents. A great number of components of the circuit in FIG. 5 are identical to those of FIG. 4 and hence will not be described again in detail here. The circuit of FIG. 5 differs from that of FIG. 4 in that the output terminal D of the Hall-effect cell 8 is connected on the one hand to one of the ends of a potentiometer P3 through a resistance R8 and on the other hand to one of the ends of a coil 23 which surrounds the core of the magnetic circuit 5a, 5b (FIG. 1). The other end of the coil 23 is connected to the other end of the potentiometer P3 whose wiper is connected to the inverting input of the amplifier 14 through the resistance R2. The coil 23 and the potentiometer P3 form a compensation circuit. As a matter of fact, the coil 23 provides at its terminals, by induction, a voltage whose value is a function of the measured current and the frequency of this current (in direct, its influence is null). By the resistance R8 and the potentiometer P3, an adequate proportion of this voltage is added to the (VC -VD) in order to obtain a correct response in frequency to about 500 Hz. The adjustment of the potentiometer P3 is performed at the factory.

The output C of the Hall-effect cell 8 is connected to the wiper of a potentiometer P4 whose ends are connected to the supply terminal 18 and to the collector of the transistor Q1 respectively by resistances R9 and R10. The potentiometer P4 and the resistances R9 and R10 form a zero adjustment circuit. As a matter of fact, after the measurement of a strong direct current the residual magnetism of the plates in the magnetic circuit produces a voltage that must be annulled prior to proceeding to a new measurement. This can be effected by means of the potentiometer P4 whose wiper can be manipulated by using a serrated roller 24 which projects toward the exterior through a slot provided in the upper face of part 3 of the current-clamp housing 1 (FIGS. 1 and 2).

To illustrate, for an AC/DC 1 A/500 A current clamp the components of the circuit in FIG. 5 previously described in conjunction with FIG. 4 can be identical to those which have already been indicated above. The resistances R8, R9, R10 and the potentiometers P3 and P4 can have the following values:

R8: resistance 68Ω

R9: resistance 12 kΩ

R10: resistance 12 kΩ

P3: potentiometer 1 turn, 470Ω

P4: potentiometer 1 turn, 1 kΩ

As for the circuit of FIG. 4, the supply voltage for the circuit of FIG. 5 can for example be furnished by two 1.5 V batteries. However, FIG. 5 shows another manner for furnishing the supply voltage required for the operation of the circuit in FIG. 5 (or that of FIG. 4). The supply circuit shown in FIG. 5 includes a source of continuous voltage 25, which can for example consist of one or several batteries, and whose negative terminal is connected to the terminal 16, whereas its positive terminal is connected to the terminal 19. The bipolar on-off switch I now includes three positions A, B, C corresponding respectively to the functions "Off", "Control of Supply Voltage" and "On". A resistance Rz is connected between the positive terminal of the source 25 and the terminal 18 by means of the movable contact I1 when the latter is placed in position B. A zener diode Z is connected between the terminal 18 and the terminal 16. The ohmic value of the resistance Rz must be selected in such a fashion that:

I.sub.z =I.sub.p +1 mAR.sub.z ·I.sub.z =V.sub.O -V.sub.z

In the above formulas, Iz designates the current traversing the resistance Rz, Ip the polarization current of the zener diode, VO the continuous voltage furnished by the source 25, and Vz the zener voltage of the zener diode. In order to provide proper operation of the integrated circuit LM10 forming the amplifiers 14 and 15, it is necessary that the voltage VO, that is to say the difference of potential V4 -V1, be situated between 2 V and 40 V, and that the difference of potential V3 -V1, hence the zener voltage Vz, be situated between 1 V and 20 V.

In the case where the voltage source 25 consists of one or several batteries, the supply circuit shown in FIG. 5 is, however, less advantageous than that of FIG. 4 where only two batteries are used. In fact, it requires two additional components (the resistance Rz and the zener diode) and it entails an additional consumption of current (the polarization current Ip of the zener diode).

It goes without saying that the embodiments of the present invention which have been described above have been given solely for illustration purposes and are by no means restrictive, and that numerous modifications can be easily provided by the skilled person without departing from the framework of the present invention. For example, although FIGS. 1 and 3 show the batteries incorporated into the current clamp 1, the voltage required for the operation of the said clamp could be furnished by an outside source, such as cells or batteries housed in the multimeter associated with the clamp. In this case, the cord 12 should include, in addition to the two conductors connected to the output of the current clamp, two or three supplementary conductors furnishing the potentials V1, V3 and V4.

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